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Holcomb, D.A., Monteiro, V., Capone, D., António, V., Chiluvane, M., Cumbane, V., Ismael, N., Knee, J., Kowalsky, E., Lai, A.J., Linden, Y., Mataveia, E., Nalá, R., Rao, R., Ribeiro, J., Cumming, O., Viegas, E., and Brown, J. Long-term impacts of an urban sanitation intervention on enteric pathogens in children in Maputo city, Mozambique: study protocol for a cross-sectional follow-up to the Maputo Sanitation (MapSan) trial five years post-intervention. doi: [medRxiv].

Lee, D., MacDonald Gibson, J., Brown, J., Habtewold, J., and Murphy, H. Burden of disease from contaminated drinking water in countries with high access to safely managed water: a systematic review. doi: [medRxiv].

Lindner, B.G., Suttner, B., Conrad, R.E., Rodriguez-R, L.M., Hatt, J.K., Zhu, K., Brown, J., Konstantinidis, K.T. Novel municipal sewage-associated bacterial genomes and their potential in source tracking. doi: [bioRxiv].

Lai, A., Velez, I., Ambikapathi, R., Seng, K., Levy, K., Kowalsky, E., Holcomb, D., Konstantinidis, K.T., Cumming, O., and Brown, J. Independent and combined effects of nutrition and sanitation interventions on child growth and enteric pathogen infection in rural Cambodia: a factorial cluster-randomised controlled trial. doi: [medRxiv].


Capone, D., Adriano, Z., Cumming, O., Irish, S., Knee, J., Nala, R., and Brown, J. 2022. Urban onsite sanitation upgrades and synanthropic flies in Maputo, Mozambique: effects on enteric pathogen infection risks. Environmental Science and Technology [accepted].

Capone, D., Barker, T., Cumming, O., Flemister, A., Geason, R., Kim, E., Knee, J., Linden, Y., Manga, M., Meldrum, M., Nalá, R., Smith, S., Brown, J. 2022. Persistent Ascaris transmission is possible in urban areas even where sanitation coverage is high. Environmental Science and Technology doi: [full text].

Ross, I., Greco, G., Adriano, Z., Nalá, R., Brown, J., Opondo, C., and Cumming, O. 2022. Impact of a sanitation intervention on quality of life and mental wellbeing in low-income urban neighbourhoods of Maputo, Mozambique: an observational study. BMJ-Open 12(10): e062517.  doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-062517 [full text].

Kim, M., Rodriguez-R, L.M., Hatt, J.K., Kayali, O., Nalá, R., Dunlop, A., Brennan, P.A., Corwin, E., Smith, A.K., Brown, J., Konstantinidis, K.T. 2022. Higher pathogen load in children from Mozambique vs. USA revealed by comparative fecal microbiome profiling. ISME Communications 2(74): [full text].

Konopka, J.K., Chatterjee, P., LaMontagne, C., and Brown, J. 2022. Environmental impacts of mass drug administration programs: exposures, risks, and mitigation of antimicrobial resistance. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 11(78): [full text].

Delahoy, M.J., Hubbard, S., Mattioli, M., Culquichicón, C., Knee, J., Brown, J., Cabrera, L., Barr, D.B., Ryan, P.B., Lescano, A.G., Gilman, R.H., Levy, K. 2022. High prevalence of chemical and microbiological drinking water contaminants in households with infants enrolled in a birth cohort — Piura, Peru, 2016. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.22-0098 [paywalled version | email for a copy!].

Wolf, J., Hubbard, S., Brauer, M., Ambelu, A., Arnold, B.F., Bain, R., Bauza, V., Brown, J., Caruso, B.A., Clasen, T., Colford, J.M., Freeman, M.C., Gordon, B., Johnston, R.B., Mertens, A., Prüss-Ustün, A., Ross, I., Stanaway, J., Zhao, J., Cumming, O., Boisson, S. 2022. Effectiveness of interventions to improve drinking water, sanitation and handwashing with soap on diarrhoeal disease in children in low- and middle-income settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet 400: 48-59 [full text].

Capone, D., Bivins, A., and Brown, J. 2022. Producing ratio measures of effect with quantitative microbial risk assessment. Risk Analysis doi: [paywalled version | email for a copy!].

Zhu, K., Suttner, B., Knee, J., Capone, D., Moe, C.L., Stauber, C.E., Konstantinidis, K.T., Wallach, T.E., Pickering, A.J., and Brown, J. 2022. Elevated fecal mitochondrial DNA from symptomatic norovirus infections suggests potential health relevance of human mitochondrial DNA in fecal source tracking. Environmental Science and Technology Letters [full text].

Bivins, A., Kaya, D., Ahmed, W., Brown, J., Butler, C., Greaves, J., Leal, R., Maas, K., Rao, G., Sherchan, S., Sills, D., Sinclair, R., Wheeler, R., and Mansfeldt, C. 2022. Passive sampling to scale wastewater surveillance of infectious disease: lessons learned from COVID-19. Science of the Total Environment 835:155347. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.155347 [full text].

Lai, A., Velez, I., Ambikapathi, R., Seng, K., Cumming, O., and Brown, J. 2022. Risk factors for early childhood growth faltering in rural Cambodia: a cross-sectional study. BMJ-Open .

Ginn, O., Lowry, S., and Brown, J. 2022. A systematic review of enteric pathogens and antibiotic resistance genes in outdoor urban aerosols. Environmental Research 212(A): 113097 [full text].

Rocha-Melogno, L., Crank, K., Ginn, O., Bergin, M.H., Brown, J., Gray, G.C., Hamilton, K., Bibby, K., and Deshusses, M.A. 2022. Quantitative microbial risk assessment of outdoor aerosolized pathogens in cities with poor sanitation. Science of the Total Environment 827:154233. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154233 [full text].

Nadimpalli, M.L., Lanza, V.F., Montealegre, M.C., Sultana, S., Fuhrmeister, E.R., Worby, C.J., Teichmann, L., Caduff, L., Swarthout, J.M., Crider, Y.S., Earl, A.M., Brown, J., Luby, S.P., Islam, M.A., Julian, T.R., and Pickering, A.J. 2022. Drinking water chlorination has minor effects on the intestinal flora and resistomes of Bangladeshi children. Nature Microbiology [full text].

Budge, S., Ambelu, A., Bartram, J., Brown, J., and Hutchings, P. 2022. Environmental sanitation and the evolution of water, sanitation, and hygiene. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 100:286–288. doi: [full text].

MacDonald, L., Thomas, E., Javernick-Will, A., Austin-Breneman, J., Aranda, I., Salvinelli, C., Klees, R., Walters, J., Parmentier, M.J., Schaad, D., Shahi, A., Bedell, E., Platais, G., Brown, J., Gershenson, J., Watkins, D., Obonyo, E., Oyanedel-Craver, V., Olson, M., Lau, R., Rao, G.,  Arzon, A., Krishnaswamy, K., Pickering, A.J., Mabey, C., Johnson, A., Gehr, R., and Linden, K. 2022. Aligning global engineering graduate program learning objectives and approaches: review and recommendations of an interdisciplinary working group. Development Engineering Volume 7, 100095. doi: [full text].

Brown, J. 2022. Sanitation innovation holds promise but must consider risks to users. Environmental Health Perspectives 130(1) [full text].

Stauber, C., Brown, J., Bourgeois, A., Palma, F., Spears, C., White, C., and Costa, F. 2022. Mobile health technologies are essential for reimagining the future of water, sanitation, and hygiene. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.21-1040 [full text].


Lindner, B., Suttner, B., Zhu, K., Conrad, R., Rodriguez-R, L., Hatt, J., Brown, J., and Konstantinidis, K. 2021. Toward shotgun metagenomic approaches for microbial source tracking sewage spills based on laboratory mesocosms. Water Research 210:177993

Ross, I., Greco, G., Opondo, C., Adriano, Z., Nala, R., Brown, J., Dreibelbis, R., and Cumming, O. 2021. Measuring and valuing broader impacts in public health: development of a sanitation-related quality of life instrument in Maputo, Mozambique. Health Economics doi: 10.1002/hec.4462.

Wang, Y., Mairinger, W., Raj, S.J., Yakubu, H., Siesel, C., Green, J., Durry, S., Joseph, G., Rahman, M., Amin, N., Hassan, M.Z., Wicken, J., Dourng, D., Larbi, E., Adomako, L.A.B., Senayah, A.K., Doe, B., Buamah, R., Tetteh-Nortey, J.N.N., Kang, G., Karthikeyan, A., Roy, S., Brown, J., Munume, B., Sene, S.O., Tuffuor, B., Mugambe, R.K., Bateganya, N.L., Surridge, T., Ndashe, G.M., Ndashe, K., Ban, R., Schrecongost, A., Moe, C.L. 2021. Quantitative assessment of exposure to fecal contamination in urban environment across nine cities in low-income and lower-middle-income countries and a city in the United States. Science of the Total Environment [full text].

Ginn, O., Rocha-Melogno, L., Bivins, A., Lowry, S., Cardelino, M., Nichols, D., Tripathi, S., Soria, F., Andrade, M., Bergin, M., Deshusses, M.A., Brown, J. 2021. Detection and quantification of enteric pathogens in aerosols near open wastewater canals in cities with poor sanitation. Environmental Science and Technology doi: [full text].

Suttner, B., Kim, M., Johnston, E., Orellana, L., Ruiz-Perez, L., Hatt, J., Brown, J., Santo Domingo, J., and Konstantinidis, K. 2021. Transcriptomic and rRNA:rDNA signatures of environmental vs. enteric Enterococcus faecalis isolates under oligotrophic freshwater conditions. Microbiology Spectrum 9(2):e0081721. doi: 10.1128/Spectrum.00817-21.

Amebelu, A., Ban, R., Bhagwan, J., Brown, J., Chandler, C., Chilengi, R., Colford, J.M., Cumming, O., Curtis, V., Evans, B.E., Freeman, M.C., Guiteras, R., Howard, G., Humphrey, J., Kang, G., Kulabako, R., Lanata, C.F., Montgomery, M.A., Null, C., Pickering, A.J., and Wolf, J. 2021. The Lancet Commission on water, sanitation and hygiene, and health. The Lancet S0140-6736(21)02005-5 [full text].

Holcomb, D., Knee, J., Capone, D., Sumner, T., Adriano, Z., Nalá, R., Cumming, O., Brown, J., Stewart, J. 2021. Impacts of an urban sanitation intervention on fecal indicators and the prevalence of human fecal contamination in Mozambique. Environmental Science and Technology 55, 17, 11667–11679

Mattos, K.J., Mulhern, R., Naughton, C., Anthonj, C., Brown, J., Brocklehurst, C., Brooks, C., Desclos, A., Escobedo Garcia, N.E., Gibson, J.M., Linden, K.G., Lindsay, C.A., Newby, J., Sinclair, R., and Smith, A. 2021. Reaching those left behind: knowledge gaps, challenges, and approaches to achieving SDG 6 in high-income countries. Journal of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for Development 11 (5): 849–858

Bick, S., Buxton, H., Chase, R.P., Ross, I., Adriano, Z., Capone, C., Knee, J., Brown, J., Nalá, R., Cumming, O., and Dreibelbis, R. 2021. Using path analysis to test Theory of Change: a quantitative process evaluation of the MapSan trial. BMC Public Health 21:1114

Bivins, A., Lowry, S., Wankhede, A., Hajare, R., Murphy, H.M., Borchardt, M., Labhasetwar, P., Brown, J. 2021. Microbial water quality improvement associated with transitioning from intermittent to continuous water supply in Nagpur, India. Water Research 201:117301 [paywalled version | email for a copy!].

Capone, D., Berendes, D., Cumming, O., Holcomb, D., Knee, J., Konstantinidis, K., Levy, K., Nalá, R., Risk, B., Stewart, J., Brown, J. 2021. Impact of an urban sanitation intervention on enteric pathogen detection in soils. Environmental Science and Technology [paywalled version | email for a copy!].

Knee, J., Sumner, T., Adriano, Z., Anderson, C., Bush, F., Capone, D., Casmo, V., Holcomb, D., Kolsky, P., Macdougall, A., Molotkova, E., Braga, J.M., Russo, C., Schmidt, W.P., Stewart, J., Zambrana, W., Zuin, W., Nalá, R., Cumming, O., Brown, J. 2021. Effects of an urban sanitation intervention on childhood enteric infection and diarrhea in Maputo, Mozambique: a controlled before-and-after trial. eLife DOI: 10.7554/eLife.62278. [full text].

Capone, D., Chigwechokha, P., de los Reyes III, F., Holm, R. H., Risk, B. B., Tilley, E., and Brown, J. 2021. Impact of sampling depth on enteric pathogen detection in pit latrines. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Capone, D., Bivins, A., Knee, J., Cumming, O., Nalá, R., and Brown, J. 2021. A quantitative microbial risk assessment of pediatric infections attributable to ingestion of fecally contaminated domestic soils in low-income urban Maputo, Mozambique. Environmental Science and Technology 55(3): 1941–1952.

Ginn, O., Nichols, D., Rocha-Melogno, L., Bivins, A., Berendes, D., Soria, F., Andrade, M., Deshusses, M., Bergin, M., and Brown, J. 2021. Antimicrobial resistance genes are enriched in aerosols near impacted urban surface waters in La Paz, Bolivia. Environmental Research 194:110730. [abstract].

Ginn, O., Berendes, D., Wood, A., Bivins, A., Rocha-Melogno, L., Deshusses, M., Tripathi, S., Bergin, M., and Brown, J. 2021. Open waste canals as potential sources of antimicrobial resistance genes in aerosols in urban Kanpur, India. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene


Thomas, E. and Brown, J. 2020. Using feedback to improve accountability in global environmental health and engineering. Environmental Science and Technology 55(1): 90-99. [full text].

Maxcy-Brown, J., Elliott, M., Krometis, L. A., White, K., Brown, J., Lall, U. 2020. Right in our backyard: surface discharge of untreated wastewater from homes in the United States. Water Research [abstract].

Medina, C., Ginn, O., Brown, J., Soria, F., Garvizu, C., Salazar, D., Tancara, A., and Herrera, J. 2020. Assessment of the presence and antibiotic resistance of Enterobacteriaceae recovered from bioaerosols in the Choqueyapu River area, La Paz, Bolivia. Science of the Total Environment [abstract].

Capone, D., Berendes, D., Cumming, O., Knee, J., Nala, R., Risk, B., Stauber, C., Zhu, K., Brown, J. 2020. Analysis of fecal sludges reveals common enteric pathogens in urban Maputo, Mozambique. Environmental Science and Technology Letters 7(12): 889:895. [full text].

Rosenthal, J., Arku, R.E., Baumgartner, J., Brown, J., Clasen, T., Eisenberg, J.N.S., Hovmand, P., Jagger, P., Luke, D.A., Quinn, A., and Yadama, G.N. 2020. Systems science approaches for global environmental health research: enhancing intervention design and implementation for Household Air Pollution (HAP) and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) programs. Environmental Health Perspectives doi: 10.1289/EHP7010 [full text].

Goddard, F., Ban, R., Barr, D., Brown, J., Cannon, J., Colford, J., Eisenberg, J., Ercumen, A., Petach, H., Freeman, M., Levy, K., Luby, S., Moe, C., Pickering, A., Sarnat, J.A., Stewart, J., Thomas, E., Taniuchi, M., Clasen, T. 2020. Measuring environmental exposure to enteric pathogens in low-income settings: review and recommendations of an interdisciplinary working group. Environmental Science and Technology 54(19): 11673–11691. [full text].

Goddard, F.G.B., Pickering, A.J., Ercumen, A., Brown, J., Chang, H.H., Clasen, T. 2020. Faecal contamination of the environment and child health: a systematic review and meta-analysis using individual participant data. Lancet Planetary Health 4(9): e405-e415. [full text].

Muirhead, A., Zhu, K., Brown, J., Basu, M., Brinton, M., Costa, F., Hayat, M., Stauber, C. 2020. Zika virus RNA persistence in sewage. Environmental Science and Technology Letters 7(9): 659-664. [full text].

Johnson, A., Ginn, O., Bivins, A., Rocha-Melogno, L., Tripathi, S.N., and Brown, J. 2020. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-positive Escherichia coli presence in urban aquatic environments in Kanpur, India. Journal of Water and Health jwh2020065. [full text].

Bivins, A., Lowry, S., Murphy, H. M., Borchardt, M., Coyte, R., Labhasetwar, P., and Brown, J. 2020. Waterborne pathogen monitoring in Jaipur, India reveals potential microbial risks of urban groundwater supply. npj-Clean Water 3(35). [full text].

Zhu, K., Suttner, B., Pickering, A., Konstantinidis, K., and Brown, J. 2020. A novel droplet digital PCR human mtDNA assay for fecal source tracking. Water Research 116085. doi: [full text]

Capone, D., Nichols, D., Cumming, O., and Brown, J. 2020. Water and sanitation in urban America, 2017-2019. American Journal of Public Health 110(10): 1567–1572. [full text].

Bivins, A., North, D., Ahmad, A., Ahmed, W., Alm, E., Béen, F., Bhattacharya, P., Bijlsma, L., Boehm, A., Brown, J., Buttiglieri, G., Calabró, V., Carducci, A., Castiglioni, S., Cetecioglu, Z., Charkraborty, S., Costa, F., de los Reyes III, F., Delgado Vela, J., Farkas, K., Fernandez Cassi, X., Gerba, C., Gerrity, D., Girones, R., Gonzalez, R., Haramoto, E., Harris, A., Holden, P., Islam, T., Jones, D., Kasprzyk-Hordern, B., Kitajima, M., Kotlarz, N., Kumar, M., Kuroda, K., La Rosa, G., Malpei, F., Matus, M., McLellan, S., Medema, G., Meschke, J. S., Mueller, J., Newton, R., Nilsson, D., Noble, R., van Nuijs, A., Peccia, J., Perkins, A., Pickering, A., Rose, J., Sánchez, G., Smith, A., Stadler, L., Stauber, A., Thomas, K., van der Voorn, T., Wigginton, K., Zhu, K., Bibby, K. 2020. Wastewater-Based Epidemiology: Global Collaborative to Maximize Contributions in the Fight Against COVID-19. Environmental Science and Technology Letters 54(13): 7754–7757. [full text].

Rocha-Melogno, L., Ginn, O., Bailey, E., Soria, F., Andrade, M., Bergin, M., Brown, J., Gray, G.C., Deshusses, M.A. 2020. Bioaerosol Sampling Optimization for Community Exposure Assessment in Cities with Poor Sanitation: A One Health Cross-Sectional Study. Science of the Total Environment738: 139495. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139495. [full text].

Bedell, E., Sharpe, T., Purvis, T., Brown, J., and Thomas, E. 2020. Demonstration of tryptophan-like fluorescence sensor concepts for fecal exposure detection in drinking water in remote and resource constrained settings. Sustainability 12(9): 3768. doi: 10.3390/su12093768. [full text].

Goddard, F.G.B., Knee, J., Sumner, T., Nalá, R., Clasen, T., and Brown, J. 2020. Child salivary SIgA and its relationship to enteric infections and EED biomarkers in Maputo, Mozambique. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(9): 3035. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17093035. [full text].

Berendes, D., Kirby, A., Brown, J., and Wester, A.L. 2020. Estimation of human feces-associated extended spectrum beta-lactamase-1 producing E. colidischarge into sanitation systems: a first global- and regional-scale calculation. Lancet Planetary Health 4(6): E246-E255. doi:[full text].

Holcomb, D.A., Knee, J., Sumner, T., Adriano, Z., de Bruijn, E., Nala, R., Cumming, O., Brown, J., Stewart, J.R. 2020. Human fecal contamination of water, soil, and surfaces in households sharing poor-quality sanitation facilities in Maputo, Mozambique. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 226: 113496. doi: [full text].

Brown, J., Bir, A., and Bain, R.E.S. 2020. Novel methods for global water safety monitoring: comparative analysis of low-cost, field-ready E. coli assays. npj Clean Water 3:9. doi: [full text].

Salazar, D., Ginn, O., Brown, J., Soria, F., Garvizu, C. 2020. Assessment of antibiotic resistant coliforms from bioaerosol samples collected above a sewage-polluted river in La Paz, Bolivia. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 228: 113494. doi: [full text].

Bick, S., Perieres, L., D’Mello-Guyett, L., Baker, K., Brown, J., Muneme, B., Nala, R., Dreibelbis, R., Cumming, O. 2020. Risk factors for child food contamination in low-income neighbourhoods of Maputo, Mozambique – an exploratory, cross-sectional study. Maternal and Child Nutrition e12991. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12991. [full text].

Humphrey, J.H., Brown, J., Cumming, O., Evans, B., Howard, G., Kulabako, R.N., Lamontagne, J., Pickering, A.J., and Wang, E.N. 2020. The potential for atmospheric water harvesting to accelerate household access to safe water. Lancet Planetary Health 4(3): e91-e92. doi: 10.1016/S2542-5196(20)30034-6. [full text].

Berendes, D., Capone, D., Knee, J., Holcomb, D., Sultana, S., Pickering, A., Brown, J. 2020. Associations between enteric pathogen carriage and height-for-age, weight-for-age, and weight for height in children under 5 years old in urban Dhaka, Bangladesh. Epidemiology and Infection 148:e39. doi: 10.1017/S0950268820000369. [full text].

Capone, D., Buxton, H., Cumming, O., Dreibelbis, R., Knee, J., Nalá, R., Ross, I., Brown, J. 2020. Impact of an intervention to improve pit latrine emptying practices in low income urban neighborhoods of Maputo, Mozambique. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 226: 113480. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2020.113480. [full text].


Berendes, D., Knee, J., Sumner, T., Capone, D., Lai, A., Wood, A., Patel, S., Nalá, R., Cumming, O., and Brown, J. 2019. Gut carriage of antimicrobial resistance genes among young children in urban Maputo, Mozambique: associations with enteric pathogen carriage and environmental risk factors. Plos One 14(11):e0225464. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225464. [full text]

Capone, D., Adriano, Z., Berendes, D., Cumming, O., Dreibelbis, R., Holcomb, D.A., Knee, J., Ross, I., and Brown, J. 2019. A localized sanitation status index as a proxy for fecal contamination in urban Maputo, Mozambique. Plos One14(10):e0224333. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224333. [full text]

Brown, J. and Cumming, O. 2019. Stool-based pathogen detection offers advantages as an outcome measure for water, sanitation, and hygiene trials. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygienedoi: 10.4269/ajtmh.19-0639. [full text]

Tallis, H. Katharine Kreis, Lydia Olander, Claudia Ringler, David Ameyaw, Mark E. Borsuk, Diana Fletschner, Edward Game, Daniel O. Gilligan, Marc Jeuland, Gina Kennedy, Yuta J. Masuda, Sumi Mehta, Nicholas Miller, Megan Parker, Carmel Pollino, Julie Rajaratnam, David Wilkie, Wei Zhang, Selena Ahmed, O.C. Ajayi, Harold Alderman, George Arhonditsis, Ines Azevedo, Ruchi Badola, Rob Bailis, Patricia Balvanera, Emily Barbour, Mark Bardini, David N. Barton, Jill Baumgartner, Tim G. Benton, Emily Bobrow, Deborah Bossio, Ann Bostrom, Ademola Braimoh, Eduardo Brondizio, Joe Brown, Benjamin P. Bryant, Ryan S.D. Calder, Becky Chaplin-Kramer, Alison Cullen, Nicole DeMello, Katherine L. Dickinson, Kristie L. Ebi, Heather E. Eves, Jessica Fanzo, Paul J. Ferraro, Brendan Fisher, Edward A. Frongillo, Gillian Galford, Dennis Garrity, Lydiah Gatere, Andrew P. Grieshop, Nicola J. Grigg, Craig Groves, Mary Kay Gugerty, Michael Hamm, Xiaoyue Hou, Cindy Huang, Marc Imhoff, Darby Jack, Andrew D. Jones, Rodd Kelsey, Monica Kothari, Ritesh Kumar, Carl Lachat, Ashley Larsen, Mark Lawrence, Fabrice DeClerck, Phillip S. Levin, Edward Mabaya, Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson, Robert I. McDonald, Georgina Mace, Ricardo Maertens, Dorothy I. Mangale, Robin Martino, Sara Mason, Lyla Mehta, Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Barbara Merz, Siwa Msangi, Grant Murray, Kris A. Murray, Celeste E. Naude, Nathaniel K. Newlands, Ephraim Nkonya, Amber Peterman, Tricia Petruney, Hugh Possingham, Jyotsna Puri, Roseline Remans, Lisa Remlinger, Taylor H. Ricketts, Bedilu Reta, Brian E. Robinson, Dilys Roe, Joshua Rosenthal, Guofeng Shen, Drew Shindell, Ben Stewart-Koster, Terry Sunderland, William J. Sutherland, Josh Tewksbury, Heather Wasser, Stephanie Wear, Chris Webb, Dale Whittington, Marit Wilkerson, Heidi Wittmer, Benjamin D.K. Wood, Stephen Wood, Joyce Wu, Gautam Yadama, Stephanie Zobrist. 2019. Aligning Evidence Generation and Use Across Health, Development, and Environment. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 39: 81-93. doi: 10.1016/j.cosust.2019.09.004. [full text]

Bivins, A., Beetsch, N., Majuru, B., Montgomery, M., Sumner, T., and Brown, J. 2019. Selecting household water treatment options on the basis of World Health Organization performance testing protocols. Environmental Science and Technology 53(9): 5043-5051. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.8b05682. [full text]

DuChanois, R., Liddle, E., Fenner, R., Jeuland, M., Evans, B., Cumming, O., Zaman, R., Mujica-Pereira, A., Ross, I., Gribble, M., and Brown, J. 2019. Factors Associated with Water Service Continuity for the Rural Populations of Bangladesh, Pakistan, Ethiopia, and Mozambique. Environmental Science and Technology 53(8): 4355-4363. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.8b07173. [full text]

Loo, A., Bivins, A., John, V., Becker, S., Evanchec, S., George, A., Hernandez, V., Mullaney, J., Tolentino, L., Yoo, R., Nagarnaik, P., Labhasetwar, P., Brown, J. 2019. Development and field testing of low-cost, quantal microbial assays with volunteer reporting as scalable means of drinking water safety estimation. Journal of Applied Microbiology126(6): 1944-1954.doi: 10.1111/jam.14253. [abstract]

Brown, J., Albert, J., and Whittington, D. 2019. Community led total sanitation moves the needle on ending open defecation in Zambia. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene100(4): 767-769. [full text]

Brown, J., Hayashi, M., and Eisenberg, J. 2019. The critical role of compliance in delivering health gains from environmental health interventions. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 100(4): 777-779. [full text]


Rocha-Melogno, L., Yoo, R., Broesicke, O., Kallergis, A., Garcia, J., Herbas, E., Torrez-Daza, A., Johnson, A., Boey, D., Beard, V., Frisbie, S.H., Murcott, S. and Brown, J. 2018. Rapid drinking water safety estimation in cities: piloting a globally scalable method in Cochabamba, Bolivia. Science of the Total Environment 654: 1132-1145. [full text]

Knee, J., Sumner, T., Adriano, Z., Berendes, D., de Bruijn, E., Schmidt, W-P., Nalá, R., Cumming, O., and Brown, J. 2018. Risk factors for childhood enteric infection in urban Maputo, Mozambique: a cross-sectional study. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 12(11): e0006956. [full text]

Shiras, T., Cumming, O., Brown, J., Muneme, B., Nala, R., and Dreibelbis, R. 2018. Shared sanitation management and the role of social capital: findings from an urban sanitation intervention in Maputo, Mozambique. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(10). pii: E2222. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15102222. [full text]

Zhang, S., Tsementzi, D., Hatt, J.K., Bivins, A., Khelurkar, N., Brown, J., Tripathi, S.N., and Konstantinidis, K.T. 2018. Intensive allochthonous inputs along the Ganges River and their effect on microbial community composition and dynamics. Enviromental Microbiology21(1):182-196. doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.14439. [full text]

Berendes, D.M., Yang, P.J., Lai, A., Hu, D., an Brown, J. 2018. Estimation of global recoverable human and animal fecal biomass. Nature Sustainability 1: 679-685. [full text]

Farling, S., Rogers, T., Knee, J., Tilley, E., Brown, J., and Deshusses, M. 2018. Bioaerosol emissions associated with pit latrine emptying operations. Science of the Total Environment [full text]

Shiras, T., Cumming, O., Brown, J., Muneme, B., Nala, R., and Dreibelbis, R. 2018. Shared latrines in Maputo, Mozambique: exploring emotional well-being and psychosocial stress. BMC International Health and Human Rights 18(1):30. doi: 10.1186/s12914-018-0169-z. [full text]

Shaheed, A., Rathore, S., Bastable, A., Bruce, J., Cairncross, S., Brown, J. 2018. Adherence to point-of-use water treatment over short-term implementation: parallel crossover trials of flocculation-disinfection sachets in Pakistan and Zambia. Environmental Science and Technology 52: 6601-6609. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.8b00167. [full text]

Capone, D., Ferguson, A., Gribble, M.O., and Brown, J. 2018. Open defecation sites, unmet sanitation needs, and potential sanitary risks in Atlanta, 2017-2018. American Journal of Public Health109(9): 1238-1240. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2018.304531. [abstract]

Trent, M., Dreibelbis, R., Bir, A., Tripathi, S., Labhasetwar, P., Nagarnaik, P., Loo, A., Bain, R., Jeuland, M., Brown, J. 2018. Access to household water quality information leads to safer water: a cluster randomized controlled trial in India. Environmental Science and Technology 52:5319-5329. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.8b00035 [full text]


Chunga, R., Jenkins, M.W., Ensink, J., and Brown, J. 2017. Moving up the sanitation ladder with the help of microfinance in urban Malawi. Journal of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for Development DOI: 10.2166/washdev.2017.186. [abstract]

Bivins, A., Sumner, T., Kumpel, E., Howard, G., Cumming, O., Ross, I., Nelson, K., Brown, J.   2017. Estimating infection risks and the global burden of diarrheal disease attributable to intermittent water supply using QMRA.  Environmental Science and Technology51(13):7542–7551. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b01014 [full text]

Berendes, D., Sumner, T., and Brown, J.  2017. Safely managed sanitation for all means fecal sludge management for at least 1.8 billion people in low and middle income countries.  Environmental Science and Technology 51(5): 3074–3083. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b06019 [abstract]

Burt, Z., Njee, R.M., Mbatia, Y., Msimbe, V., Brown, J., Clasen, T.F., Malebo, H.M., and Ray, I.  2017. User preferences and willingness to pay for safe drinking water: experimental evidence from rural Tanzania.  Social Science and Medicine 173: 63-71. [full text].


Chunga, R., Jenkins, M.W., Ensink, J., and Brown, J.  2016. Adopt or adapt: sanitation technology choices in urbanising Malawi.  PLoS ONE 11(8): e0161262. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0161262. [full text]

Brown, J., Hamoudi, A., Jeuland, M., and Turrini, G.  2016. Seeing, believing, and behaving: Heterogeneous effects of an information intervention on household water treatment.  Journal of Environmental Economics and Management (accepted). [full text]

Marois-Fiset, J.-T., Shaheed, A. Brown, J., Dorea, C.  2016. Laboratory evaluation of a new coagulant/disinfectant POU water treatment product for emergencies.  Journal of Applied Microbiology 121(3):892-902. doi: 10.1111/jam.13206. [full text]

Stauber, C., Wedgworth, J., Johnson, P.D., Olson, J., Ayers, T., Elliott, M., and Brown, J.  2016. Associations between self-reported gastrointestinal illness and water system characteristics in community water supplies in rural Alabama: a cross-sectional study.  PLoS ONE [full text].

Mohamed, H., Clasen, T., Mussa, R., Malebo, H.M., Mbuligwe, S., and Brown, J.  2016. Microbiological Effectiveness of household water treatment technologies under field use conditions in rural Tanzania.  Tropical Medicine & International Health 21(1):33-40. [abstract]


Jeuland, M., Orgill, J., Shaheed, A., Revell, G., and Brown, J.  2015. A matter of good taste: Investigating preferences for in-house water treatment in peri-urban communities in Cambodia.  Environment and Development Economics DOI: 10.1017/S1355770X15000248. [abstract]

Brown, J., Cumming, O., Bartram, J., Cairncross, S., Ensink, J., Holcomb, D., Kolsky, P., Knee, J., Liang, K., Liang, S., Nala, R., Norman, G., Rheingans, R., Stewart, J., Zavale, O., Zuin, V., Schmidt, W.P.  2015. A controlled, before-after trial of an urban sanitation intervention to reduce enteric infections in children: research protocol for the Maputo Sanitation (MapSan) study, Mozambique.  BMJ-Open doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008215. [full text]

Wedgworth, J.C., Brown, J., Olson, J.B., Elliott, M., Grammer, P. and Stauber, C.E. 2015.  Temporal heterogeneity of water quality from rural water supplies in Alabama. Journal of the American Water Works Association 107(8): E401-E415. [abstract]

Mohamed, H., Brown, J., Mussa, R., Clasen, T., Malebo, H.M., and Mbuligwe, S.  2015.  Point of use chlorination of turbid water in Tanzania.  Journal of Water and Health 13(2):544-552. [abstract]


Wedgworth, J.C., Brown, J., Johnson, P., Olson, J., Elliott, M., Forehand, R., and Stauber, C.E.  2014.  Associations between perceptions of drinking water service delivery and measured drinking water quality in rural Alabama.  International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11(7): 7376-7392. [full text]

Heijnen, M., Cumming, O., Peletz, R., Chan, G., Brown, J., Clasen, T. 2014. Shared sanitation versus individual household latrines: a systematic review of health outcomes.  PLoS ONE.  DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0093300. [full text]

Shaheed, A., Orgill, J., Montgomery, M., Jeuland, M., Brown, J.  2014.  Why “improved” water sources are not always safe.  Bulletin of the World Health Organization 92: 283-289. [full text]

Shaheed, A., Orgill, J., Ratana, C., Montgomery, M.A., Jeuland, M.A., Brown, J.  2014. Water quality risks of “improved” water sources: evidence from Cambodia.  Tropical Medicine & International Health 19(2): 186-194. [full text]

Presser, E., Simuyandi, M., Brown, J.  2014.  The effects of storage time and temperature on recovery of salivary immunoglobulin A.  American Journal of Human Biology.  DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.22525. [abstract]

Izenberg, M., Johns-Yost, O., Johnson, P.D., and Brown, J.  2014. Nocturnal convenience: the problem of securing universal sanitation access in Alabama’s Black Belt.  Environmental Justice 6(6): 200-205. [full text]

Holman, E.J. and Brown, J.  2014.  Safety of packaged water distribution limited by household recontamination in rural Cambodia.  Journal of Water and Health doi:10.2166/wh.2013.118. [abstract]


Wedgworth, J.J. and Brown, J.  2013.  Limited access to safe drinking water and sanitation in Alabama’s Black Belt: a cross-Sectional case study.  Water Quality, Exposure and Health10.1007/s12403-013-0088-0. [full text]

Bhathena, Z.P., Shrivastava, S., Londhe, P., and Brown, J.  2013.  Microbiological performance of novel household water treatment devices in India.  Water Science and Technology: Water Supply14(1): 91-98. [abstract]

Brown, J., Cairncross, S., and Ensink, J.  2013.  Sanitation, water and hygiene and child health: a critical review.  Archives of Disease in Childhood98(8):629-634. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2011-301528. [full text]

Orgill, J., Shaheed, A., Brown, J., Jeuland, M.  2013.  Water quality perceptions and willingness to pay for clean water in peri-urban Cambodian communities.  Journal of Water and Health 11(3): 489–506. [abstract]

Brown, J., Hien, V.T., McMahan, L., Jenkins, M., Thie, L., Liang, K., Printy, E., and Sobsey, M.  2013.  Relative benefits of on-plot water supply over other “improved” sources in rural Vietnam.  Tropical Medicine and International Health 18(1): 65-74. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12010. [full text]

Brown, J., Ratana, C., Wang, A., and Sobsey, M.  2013.  Microbiological effectiveness of mineral pot filters in Cambodia.  Environmental Science and Technology 46(21): 12055-12061. doi: 10.1021/es3027852. [abstract]


Brown, J. and Clasen, T.  2012.  High adherence is necessary to realize health gains from water quality interventions.  PLoS ONE7(5): e36735. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0036735. [full text]

Brown, J., Cavill, S., Cumming, O., and Jeandron, A.  2012.  Water, sanitation, and hygiene in emergencies: summary review and recommendations for further research.  Waterlines 31(1&2): 11-29. [abstract]

Brown, J. and Sobsey, M.  2012.  Boiling as household water treatment in Cambodia: a longitudinal study of boiling practice and microbiological effectiveness.  American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene87(3): 394–398. [full text]

Before 2012

Özdemir, S., Elliott, M., Brown, J., Pham, N.K., Vo Thi, H., and Sobsey, M.D.   2011.  Practices, preferences and attitudes for rainwater harvesting in Mekong Delta, Vietnam.  Journal of Water, Saniation, and Hygiene for Development 1(3): 171-177. [abstract]

Brown, J., Stauber, C., Murphy, J., Khan, A.  Mu, T., Elliott, M., and Sobsey, M.  2011.  Ambient temperature incubation for the field detection of E. coli in drinking water.  Journal of Applied Microbiology 110(4): 915-923. [full text]

Brown, J. And Sobsey, M.  2010.  Microbiological effectiveness of locally produced ceramic filters for drinking water treatment in Cambodia.  Journal of Water and Health 8(1): 1-10. [full text]

Brown, J. And Sobsey, M.  2009.  Metal oxide amended ceramic media for the capture of viruses in drinking water.  Environmental Technology 30(4): 379-391. [abstract]

Brown, J., Proum, S., and Sobsey, M.  2009.  Sustained use of a household-scale water filtration device  in rural Cambodia.  Journal of Water and Health 7(3): 404-411. [full text]

Sobsey, M.D., Stauber, C.E., Casanova, L.M., Brown, J., and Elliott, M.A.  2008.  Point of use household drinking water filtration: a practical, effective solution for providing access to safe drinking water in the developing world.  Environmental Science and Technology 42: 4261-4267. [abstract]

Brown, J., Sobsey, M., and Loomis, D.  2008.  Drinking water filters reduce diarrheal disease in Cambodia: a randomized, controlled trial of locally made ceramic filters.   American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 79(3): 394-400. [full text]

Brown, J., Proum, S. and Sobsey, M.  2008.  E. coli in household drinking water and diarrheal disease risk: evidence from Cambodia.  Water Science and Technology 58(4): 757-763. [abstract]

Clasen, T., Brown, J., Collin, S.  2006.  Preventing diarrhoea with household ceramic water filters: assessment of a pilot project in Bolivia.  International Journal of Environmental Health Research16(3):231-239. [full text]

Clasen, T., Brown, J., Collin, S., Suntura, O., and Cairncross, S.  2004.  Reducing diarrhea through the use of household-based ceramic water filters: a randomized, controlled trial in rural Bolivia.  American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene70(6): 651-657. [full text]

Clasen, T., Brown, J., Suntura, O. and Collin, S.  2004.  Tratamiento casero de agua con filtros de cerámica por goteo.  Caudal Revista Sectoral de Agua y Saneamiento 4: 20-22.

Clasen, T., Brown, J., Suntura, O., and Collin, S.  2004.  Safe household water treatment and storage using ceramic drip filters: a randomized controlled trial in Bolivia.  Water Science and Technology 50(1):111-115. [abstract]

Johnson, P., Watson, M., Brown, J., Jefcoat, I.A.  2002.  Peanut hull pellets as a single use sorbent for the capture of Cu (II) from wastewater.  Waste Management22(5): 471-480. [full text]

Brown, P., Brown, J., and Allen, S.  2001.  The application of kudzu as a medium for the adsorption of heavy metals from dilute aqueous wastestreams.  Bioresource Technology 78:195-201. [full text]

Brown, J.  2000.  Kudzu as a medium for the adsorption of heavy metals in dilute aqueous wastestreams, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE): Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management4:82-87. [abstract]

Peer-reviewed books and book chapters

Berendes, D. and Brown, J. 2017. Inequality beyond the toilet: fecal sludge management and the community-level dimensions of sanitation. Chapter in: O. Cumming & T. Slaymaker (ed.) Achieving Equality in Water and Sanitation Service Delivery. London: Routledge.

Brown, J. and Grammer, P. 2015. ‘Indicators of microbial quality’, in Bartram, J., with Baum, R., Coclanis, P.A., Gute, D. M., Kay, D., McFayden, S., Pond, K., Robertson,W. and Rouse, M.J. (eds) Routledge Handbook of Water and Health. London and New York: Routledge.

Brown, J., Cavill, S., Cumming, O., and Jeandron, A. 2015. Water, sanitation, and hygiene in emergencies.  Chapter in: Richard Carter (ed.) Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Humanitarian Contexts: Reflections on current practice.  London: Practical Action Publishing. ISBN 9781853398841.

Sobsey, M., and Brown, J.  2011.  Evaluating household water treatment options: health- based targets and performance specifications.  Geneva: World Health Organization.  ISBN: 978 92 4 154822 9. [full text]

Peer-reviewed monographs 

Cairncross, S., Baker, S., Brown, J., Cavill, S., Cumming, O., Ensink, J., Rheingans, R., and Schmidt, W.P.  2013.  Evidence Paper: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene.  UK Department for International Development (DfID) commissioned review. [full text]

Brown, J., Jeandron, A., Cavill, S., and Cumming, O.  2012.  Evidence Review and Research Priorities: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for Emergency Response.  UK Department for International Development (DfID) commissioned review/monograph.  SHARE Consortium. [full text]

Brown, J., Outlaw, T., Clasen, T., Wu, J., and Sobsey, M.  2009.  Safe Water for All:  Harnessing the Private Sector to Reach the Underserved.  Washington, D.C.: World Bank/International Finance Corporation. [full text]

Brown, J., Sobsey, M., and Proum, S.  2007.   Use of Ceramic Water Filters in Cambodia.  Washington, DC: WSP-World Bank Field Note. [full text]