Generational Wealth Loss and Reparations


Abstract –                                                                                                      In this episode, Reagan Wayne analyzes the extent of generational wealth lost during the Massacre and the ongoing fight for reparations. After tracking the progression of job creation in Greenwood from 1907 to 1920, the episode compares two prominent Tulsa hotels (the Stradford Hotel and the Hotel Tulsa) as a way to measure what Black-owned businesses may have been able to achieve had they been allowed to thrive and survive the way their white-owned counterparts were able. Then, the conversation turns to reparations as Reagan discusses a notable court case (Alexander v. Oklahoma), its results, and a pastor that is leading the way toward racial equity and accountability. 


John “the Baptist” Stradford –
The Stradford Hotel
The Stradford Hotel –
The Hotel Tulsa – Retrieved from the Tulsa World
Photo Courtesy of the Tulsa World
Rev. Dr. Robert Turner – Retrieved from the Tulsa World

Sources –                                                                                                       

Darity, William A., and A. Kirsten Mullen. “Beyond Jim Crow.” In From Here to Equality: Reparations for Black Americans in the Twenty-First Century, 219-36. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2020. Accessed March 10, 2021. doi:10.5149/9781469654997_darity.14.

Debbie Jackson and Hilary Pittman, Tulsa World. (2017, March 16). Throwback Tulsa: Oilmen, celebrities lived it up at Hotel Tulsa. Retrieved 2021, from

Messer, Chris M, Thomas E Shriver, and Alison E Adams. “The Destruction of Black Wall Street: Tulsa’s 1921 Riot and the Eradication of Accumulated Wealth.” UNC Chapel Hill Libraries. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, October 29, 2018.

The Morning Tulsa daily world. [volume] (Tulsa, Okla.), 08 June 1921. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

Owens, Kayla D. “The Successes and Failures of the United States to Grant Reparations to Greenwood, Oklahoma Following the 1921 Destruction of Black Wall Street.” ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2020.

Stradford, E., & Walker Stradford, S. A. (2016, May 31). The Stradfords of Black Wall Street Tulsa. Retrieved from

The Tulsa star. [volume] (Tulsa, Okla.), 19 Jan. 1918. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

Turner, R., PhD. (2021, February 26). Closing panel: Tulsa Leaders (Boston Avenue UMC). Retrieved 2021, from